Last updated on: February 10th, 2021

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You’re looking at an interactive case study from Prognosis: Your Diagnosis (one of four distinct learning formats available in Clinical Odyssey). Try it out, and have fun improving your clinical skills.



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A 70 year old woman is brought in by her son, after she was found wandering the streets. Her son reports that she first started experiencing short-term memory loss around 4 years ago. Since then she has become more and more forgetful. From around 6 months ago, she has needed occasional prompting to take her medications, and regarding self-hygiene. There is no history of recent falls, hallucinations, weight loss, or low mood.

Her medical history is significant for mild hypertension and dyslipidemia for 4 years, which are well controlled on ramipril and atorvastatin. She has never smoked and only drinks socially. She was educated up to high school and speaks your language fluently.

A routine health checkup just 1 week ago revealed a full blood count, fasting plasma glucose levels, serum electrolytes, liver functions, renal functions, and a urinalysis to all be normal.